Proceedings al 12nd NIZO Dairy Conference 2021 “Innovations in Dairy Ingredients

Foligni R, Mozzon M., Rampanti G., Aquilanti L., Zenobi S., Mannozzi C. Technological properties of vegetable rennets for cheese-making: comparison between wild and cultivated O. tauricum. Proceedings al 12nd NIZO Dairy Conference 2021 “Innovations in Dairy Ingredients” – Online Event – Live and On-demand (5-7 October 2021)

Sustainable Development Goals in Food Systems – Challenges and Opportunities for the Future

Foligni R, Mozzon M., Rampanti G., Aquilanti L., Zenobi S., Mannozzi C. Coultivated O. tauricum vegetable rennet as a sustainable alternative for cheese-making.
Proceedings at 6th ISEKI-Food Conference with the title: “Sustainable Development Goals in Food Systems – Challenges and Opportunities for the Future” – Online Event (23-25 June 2021)

Effect of planting density in two thistle species used for vegetable rennet production in marginal Mediterranean areas

Zenobi, S., Fiorentini, M., Aquilanti, L., Foligni, R., Mannozzi, C., Mozzon, M., Zitti, S., Casavecchia, S., Al Mohandes Dridi, B., Orsini, R. 2021. Effect of planting density in two thistle species used for vegetable rennet production in marginal Mediterranean areas. Agronomy, 11, 135. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11010135

Abstract: In Mediterranean cropping systems, it is important to utilize marginal lands for the cultivation of non-food crops. Spontaneous thistle genera such as Cynara cardunculus L. and Onopordum tauricum Willd. are native to southern Europe. Previous research has focused on their spontaneous growth in the environment or ability to supply biofuel. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of two different planting densities on the flower differentiation, vegetable rennet production and weed control of O. tauricum Willd. and C. cardunculus L. in rainfed unfertilized Mediterranean cropping systems. The results showed that plant density influenced most of the biomass parameters for O. tauricum Willd. but no significant differences were observed for C. cardunculus L. Higher densities of both species were beneficial for weed control. We recommend the use of C. cardunculus L. and O. tauricum Willd. as suitable species for vegetable rennet production in Mediterranean organic cropping systems.

Keywords: Onopordum tauricum Willd; Cynara cardunculus L.; organic cropping systems; vegetable rennet

Seed germination reports for Onopordum tauricum Willd

Zitti, S., Di Cecco, V., Casavecchia, S., Di Martino, L., Aquilanti, L. 2020. Seed germination reports for Onopordum tauricum Willd. [In Magrini, S. & Salmeri, C. (eds), Mediterranean plant germination reports – 2]. Fl. Medit. 30: 421-423. 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.7320/FlMedit30.421

Abstract: This study deals with the seed germination for Onopordum tauricum (Asteraceae). The cypselae were collected from two populations in the Marche and Umbria Region (Italy). The highest germination value (93.6%) was obtained after 24 hours of soaking in a 500 ppm GA3 solution and then incubated at a constant temperature of 20°C with a 12/12h light-dark photoperiod.

Key words: Onopordum, dormancy-breaking, gibberellin, milk-clotting agent.

Clotting Properties of Onopordum tauricum (Willd.) Aqueous extract in milk of different species

Mozzon M., Foligni R., Mannozzi C., Zamporlini F., Raffaelli N., Aquilanti L. 2020. Clotting Properties of Onopordum tauricum (Willd.) Aqueous extract in milk of different species. Foods, 9, 692; http://doi:10.3390/foods9060692

Abstract: Plant proteases used in cheesemaking are easily available and could increase the acceptability of cheeses, otherwise hindered by ethical issues (e.g., religions, dietary habits, aversion to genetically engineered food and food ingredients). The milk clotting potential of Onopordum tauricum (Willd.) aqueous extract as an alternative to animal rennet was assessed for the first time in milk of different species (ewe, goat, cow). Among the aerial anatomical parts, i.e., receptacle, leaves, stems, and flowers, only the latter ones showed clotting properties. A response surface methodology (RSM) was used to explore the effects of three independent variables (temperature, pH, volume of coagulant) on the milk clotting activity (MCA) of the flower extract. A second-order polynomial model adequately described the experimental data and predicted a temperature value of 55 °C, a pH value of 4.9–5.7, and a volume of coagulant of 300–500 μL (added to 5 mL of milk) as optimal conditions to maximize the MCA. At a 35 °C temperature and natural milk pH of 6.7–6.8, the estimated MCA of the O. tauricum extract was 72–87, 69–86, and 75–151, in goat’s, ewe’s, and cow’s milk, respectively. In comparison, the MCA of calf rennet was 5.4–4.9, 3.3–14.7, and 4.9–16.7 times higher than that of the plant extract in goat’s, ewe’s, and cow’s milk, respectively.

Keywords: rennet; Onopordon tauricum; thistle crude extract; milk clotting activity; response surface methodology; goat’s milk; ewe’s milk; vegetable coagulant; plant proteases

PRIMA PROJECT MEETING 2

Due to the persistence of SARS-COVID-19 pandemic, October 29th, 2020, at 13.30 am (Rome time), the Principal Investigators (PI) and the Research Team Members of the VEGGIE-MED-CHEESES Partners met via TEAMS, with the following agenda:

  • connection and greetings
  • presentations of the main results achieved by Research partners involved in WP2, WP3, WP4
  • planning of WP5 activities and issues related to the cheese-making trials (including packaging, exchange among VEGGIE-MED-CHEESES partners, analyses, etc.)
  • discussion and issues from the Partners
  • closure of the meeting.

PRIMA PROJECT MEETING 2

Due to SARS-COVID-19 pandemic, on June 8th, 2019, at 10.00 am (Rome time), the Principal Investigators (PI) and the Research Team Members of the VEGGIE-MED-CHEESES Partners met via TEAMS, with the following agenda:

  • connection and greetings
  • presentations of the main results achieved by Research partners involved in WP 2 and 3, referring to characterization and cultivation of Onopordum tauricum, Onopordum platylepis, Cynara cardunculus [Italy (UNIVPM) and Tunisia (ISA-CM)]
  • presentation of the main results achieved by Research partners involved in WP 4 [Italy (UNIVPM and CREA-AN), Spain (UCAM), Greece (DEMETER)], related to the chemical, biochemical, and microbiological characterization of the aqueous extracts produced from spontaneous and cultivated Onopordum tauricum, Onopordum platylepis, and Cynara cardunculus
  • discussion and issues from the Partners
  • closure of the meeting.

PRIMA KICK-OFF MEETING 2018 PROJECTS

To celebrate the start of the research projects funded under the PRIMA Calls for Proposals 2018, a kick-off meeting has been held on 20 June 2019 at Agropolis International (Avenue Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier, France). In the morning, coordinators of PRIMA Section 1 and 2 projects briefly presented their research proposals and network, while in the afternoon specific sessions led by PRIMA Secretariat staff illustrated the rules for the financial and scientific monitoring of the projects, as well as the most important legal aspects.

The flash presentation of VEGGIE-MED-CHEESES PROJECT is available here

PROJECT KICK-OFF MEETING HELD ON ANCONA

On May 24, 2019, at 10.15 am in the “Faculty Club” of the Università Politecnica delle Marche, via Brecce Bianche, Ancona, Italy, the Principal Investigators (PI) and the research Team Members of the Partners of the VEGGIE-MED-CHEESES Consortium met, regularly convened by the Coordinator of the Project, Prof. Lucia Aquilanti.

The agenda of the meeting included flash presentation of VEGGIE-MED-CHEESES partners and their role into the project, seats assignation in the VEGGIE-MED-CHEESES management bodies, first WP1 and WP7 achieved deliverables, and specific techno-scientific aspects related to work packages (WP) 2 to 6.